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Computerized Aircraft Simulation Centre

Student Lesson Plans

button Exercise Four - Taxiing


To teach how to safely maneuver the aircraft on the ground


As required.

Essential Background and Knowledge

1. Explain:
       a. Aerodrome layouts, noting aprons, taxiways including identification and markings, runways or surface to be used for take-off, runway numbers and markings;
       b. Use of anti-collision lights and navigation lights to increase aircraft conspicuousness;
       c. Need for adequate clearance from objects adjacent to the aircraft and ensuring no conflict exists with other traffic prior to taxiing;
       d. How to use power to start moving or how to stop;
       e. Use of brakes, nose wheel or tail wheel for steering. In the case of a tail wheel aircraft, explain how to anticipate corrective action to maintain directional control;
       f. Speed control considerations;
       g. How to monitor ATIS and obtain clearance to taxi - use of standard phraseology and radio discipline;
       h. How to obtain clearance to enter or cross a runway;
       i. Need for keeping the ground controller advised of the aircraft position when requested;
       j. mandatory read back or acknowledgement, as required, of clearances to enter, exit, cross, hold your position and hold short of active runways and taxiways;
      k. Use of Mandatory Frequency or Aerodrome Traffic Frequency at uncontrolled aerodromes;
      l. How flight controls should be used under strong wind conditions to prevent upset;
      m. How various flight instruments are checked while taxiing;
      n. Parking considerations under various conditions - restricted space, strong winds, slipstream nuisance avoidance etc..;
      o. Use of parking brake/wheel chocks, when brakes are hot and in winter conditions.
2. Question the student on the exercise and clarify as necessary.

Advice to Instructors

1.  Stress that the aircraft must never be taxied at an excessive speed. Emphasize danger of loss of control.
2. Improper use of brakes is the most frequent error while taxiing. Excessive use of power will result in excessive and needless use of brakes.
3. Accident reports show needless taxi accidents due to improper techniques while taxiing in high wind. Emphasize that constant attention must be paid to the wind direction, particularly while turning from downwind into wind.
4. Emphasize that the student must never proceed without  assistance if any doubt as to the ability to retain control of the aircraft in high winds, ice surface conditions etc.
5. Because you have the ability to set varying winds and direction, use the simulator to demonstrate taxiing controls under extreme wind conditions.


Instruction and Student Practice (Ground)

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1. Demonstrate how to::
     a. Place hands and feet on control;
     b. look for obstacles and conflicting traffic;
     c. Start the aircraft moving, test the brakes;
     d. Use the taxiways and center-line markings if applicable;
     e. Turn the aircraft;
     f. Check the flight controls while taxiing;
     g. Hold flight controls while taxiing;
     h. Slow down and stop;
     i. Park an aircraft without causing a nuisance with the slipstream;
     j. Set wheel brake;
     k. Select run-up spot so as not to block the use of a taxiway.